Muscle as well as ligament damage occurs when the muscle or ligamentous fibers are stretched beyond their normal limits and result in the muscle or ligamentous tissue spraining or tearing. Typical symptoms include localised stiffness, bruising, and loss of range of movement. Muscle sprains are an everyday occurrence among sports people and athletes.
Joint sprains may occur due to acute or progressive forces acting on the joint. An awkward fall or wear and tear over time can result in joint swelling, pain on movement and pain on weight bearing activity.
It is important to undergo a full physiotherapy assessment to determine the correct location and stage of tear within the damaged tissue. Rehabilitation will be progressive, ensuring pain is reduced and movement restored through effective strengthening programmes.