RSI is a relatively modern phenomenon characterised by localised pain in a particular area of the body, usually located around muscular insertion at a joint. It may be caused by overuse repetitive tasks (tennis elbow), forceful exertion, vibrations (using occupational machinery), compression by surrounding structures (carpal tunnel syndrome) and sustained awkward positions (prolonged typing or computer use). Various clinical objective tests such as the pinch and grip test can be used for diagnosis. Immediate physiotherapy treatment including soft tissue therapy, stretching and strengthening exercises as well as Ultra Sound Therapy has been shown to alleviate symptoms. Education and advice regarding modification to sitting and working postures (ergonomics) in conjunction with home exercise programmes are regularly provided to help clients self manage this condition.